Transportation in Dhanbad

In recent years Dhanbad well known as ‘The Coal Capital of India’ has emerged as one of the fastest growing cities in the country. Major industrial establishments and commercial activities have made this city a major commercial hub in eastern India. 

In the last few years the city has seen lot of developmental work resulting in its rapid expansion. The city has also progressed in terms of transportation network with upgradation of city roads connecting it to state and national highways. The city is well connected to various parts of the country via roadways and railways.

Road Network in Dhanbad

Dhanbad is well connected through road network with all major cities in India. Most favorable thing for Dhanbad is two major highways passing through it which provide perfect road connectivity with other cities. One of these major highways is National Highway 2, also known as Golden Quadrilateral (GQ), that starts from Kolkata and ends at Delhi. Other one is National Highway 32 which starts from Govindpur and runs through Bakaro-Jamsedpur-Barbil providing proper road connectivity to this city.

Road Connectivity in Dhanbad

Dhanbad is located just off the Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) which is also popular as National Highway 2 or NH2. Dhanbad is connected with Ramgarh via Chas and Bokaro Steel City and with Ranchi via Chas and Muri. Being bestowed with good road networks, Dhanbad easily manages to connect with major places in the country. Through National Highway 32, one can easily reach Dhanbad from Rajganj or Govindpur.

Bus Services in Dhanbad

Apart fro better road connectivity Dhanbad also has good bus transportation services that connects it with major cities and towns of Jharkhand, Bihar and West Bengal. You can find many State run buses at Dhanbad bus stand. There is also 2x2 Volvo coach services for those looking for extra comfort and luxury. The bus stand which is situated near to Dhanbad Railway Station. Urban Development Department provides service of bus transportation in this city and permits are generally issued by various Regional Transport Offices.

Railways in Dhanbad

Dhanbad junction is one of the busiest junction in Jharkhand and witness influx of passengers throughout the year. It is well connected with all states through rail network. Dhanbad Rail Division comes under East Central Railway Zone of India and it is famous for being second highest revenue generating rail division in India. It is enough to describe its perfect rail services. All major cities of India like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Bhopal, Hyderabad, Gwalior, Kochi, Indore, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Jabalpur, Nagpur etc. are well connected with Dhanbad through extensive rail network.

Railway Network in Dhanbad

CIC railway line starts at Dhanbad and ends at Singrauli, Madhya Pradesh. Grand-Chord rail line which connects Howrah and New Delhi passes through Dhanbad Junction. Another railway line which comes under South Railway Zone of India, starts from Kharagpur and ends at Gomoh passing through Dhanbad district. Specialty of Dhanbad Rail Division is India’s first AC double-decker train which runs between Howrah and Dhanbad. It was flagged off on 1 October, 2011 and on that day, India became one of those countries which proud to run multi-deck trains.

It has a maximum permissible speed of 110 kilometres (68 miles/hr) with stops at Bardhaman, Durgapur, Asansol, Barakar and Kumardhubi on both legs of the route. It flaunts latest stainless steel LHB (Linke Holfmann Busch) coaches which have been  manufactured at Kapurthala coach factory. 

Dhanbad Junction has station code DHN. Dhanbad Rail Division comes under East Central Railway zone. It is well connected with major cities such as Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Nagpur, Guwahati, Gwalior, Bhopal, Hyderabad, Jabalpur etc. CIC (Cedar Rapids and Iowa City Railway Co. ) rail line starts from Dhanbad and ends at Singrauli in Madhya Pradesh. 

The rail line starting from  Kharagpur and ending at Gomoh, comes under South Eastern Railways. Every train passing through Dhanbad has a stop here. The station comprises of waiting room, computerized reservation, dormitory, retiring room, cafeteria and bookshop facilities.

Internal Transportation in Dhanbad

Internal transportation of the city depends largely on mini buses, auto-rickshaws, taxis, cabs and rickshaws. Shared autos are big hit among locals and one of the cheapest modes of transportation in the entire region. Shared Autos are especially much popular for commuting in areas of coalfields and neighboring places but these autos are generally overcrowded. 

One can also reserve auto-rickshaw for commutation in the city and auto-rickshaws are also available till late night but night-fare is higher than usual. Apart from that rickshaws are also available and are convenient in places where large vehicles cannot find the way due to their large size.

Internal connectivity in Dhanbad

Taxis and Maxi cabs are also available for commutation in the city. These facilities are usually provided by private operators and may be costly than other modes of public transport. One can hire taxi or car at any time from Dhanbad Railway Station and it is one of the preferred options of transportation from railway station to the desired location in the city. You can also hire pre paid taxi to reach Ranchi, Bokaro, Jamshedpur or any other nearby cities of Jharkhand and West Bengal.

Dhanbad has good connectivity by road and railways. National Highway 2 and National Highway 32 pass through this city. Knowledge about transport in Dhanbad will make travelling more comfortable for you. As Helen Keller has rightly said,'' knowledge is love and light and vision.''

Dhanbad Air Transport

The nearest commercial airport is Birsa Munda Airport, RanchiDhanbad has airstrip for smaller planes. MDLR airlines and Air india is also planning to launch domestic services. A commercial airport was planned to be set up at Barwadda, but no significant progress has been made yet. The nearest airports to Dhanbad are:
  • Birsa Munda Airport, Ranchi: 140 kms.
  • Gaya Airport: 207 kms.
  • Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, Kolkata: 269 kms.
  • Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport, Patna: 271 kms.

Dhanbad Roadways

NH 2 and NH 32 pass through Dhanbad city. NH 2 has now been converted to Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) which has origin in Kolkata and extends up to Delhi. Passage from Dhanbad to Kolkata will be converted into six lane Expressway. NH 32 connects Govindpur to Bokaro-Jamshedpur-Barbil.

Luxury Volvo buses ply between Dhanbad-Kolkata and Dhanbad-Ranchi. There is no dearth of private and state buses for inter-city travel. Auto rickshaws are also preferred  mode of transport to travel to neighbouring places and coalfields.

Distance of Dhanbad  from other cities

  • Kolkata: 250 kms. 
  • Patna: 325 kms.
  • Delhi: 1237 kms.
  • Mumbai: 1975 kms.
  • Guwahati: 1039 kms.
  • Bhopal: 1084 kms.
  • Hyderabad: 1599 kms.
  • Jabalpur: 848 kms.
  • Ranchi: 167 kms.

How to reach Dhanbad ?

Dhanbad is well connected with major cities through road and rail network. Good transport facilities are available for commuting in the city and within entire region. Several modes of transportation are available for commuting outside the Jharkhand state. One can easily reach Dhanbad by bus, taxi or car as it is connected with two major national highways, Golden Quadrilateral (NH2) and NH32 respectively.

Apart from that rail services are perfect and one of the best ways to reach Dhanbad and after that one can hire taxi, cab and auto-rickshaw or catch bus for commuting in the city. Birsa Munda Airport is the nearest airport located at Ranchi about 140 km away from Dhanbad.

It is operated by Airports Authority of India and has regular flights to Delhi, Patna, Bhubaneswar, Kolkata and Mumbai. Hence one can easily reach Dhanbad by road, rail or air as per one’s own convenience.
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