Geography of Dhanbad
Geographically, Dhanbad district is spread over an average area of 2086 sq km extending about 24 km in length from north to south direction and stretching around16 km in breadth from east to west direction. It has one subdivision named as Dhanbad Sadar and 8 blocks viz. Dhanbad, Jharia, Baghmara, Tundi, Nirsa, Balia, Topchanchi and Govindpur.
Climate of Dhanbad
After that, monsoon breaks in and remains until middle of October when temperature lowers down and humidity starts increasing. It is considered as rainy season from July to October. It receives heavy rainfall during monsoon and July and August are the wettest months of the year. Average rainfall recorded in the months of July and August is 287 mm and 445 mm respectively. Area around Parasnath hills is considered to received more than average rainfall. The Average annual rainfall in Dhanbad district is recorded 1300 mm. approximately.
Thereafter, weather becomes cold and pleasant during winter season in the months of November to February providing relief from heat and heavy rain both. Weather remains cold and awesome during winter as temperature remains minimum 12 degrees C to maximum 22 degrees C.
Topography of Dhanbad
Dhanbad district basically consists of three natural divisions. North and North western parts consist of hilly area, coal mines and most of the industries have been set up in the uplands and rest of the uplands and plains lie to the south direction of Damodar River containing cultivate plain lands. Dhangi hills are located in the western middle portion of the district extending from Pradhankhanta to Govindpur.
The highest peak of this area is Dhangi Pahar having an average altitude of 1256 feet at Dhangi. In north side, Parasnath Hills are extending through Topchanchi and Tundi, reaching highest elevation of 1500 feet at Lalki. Whereas, entire southern part of this district contains undulating land and the general slope is from northwest to southeast.
Demography of Dhanbad
Rivers in Dhanbad
Thereafter, Damodar River is joined by Barakar River at its eastern border near Chirkunda and flows for approx. 77 km through the district. Barakar River forming northern boundary of the district traverses for about 77 km in the district. Barakar flows in the southwestern direction till it reaches Durgapur and runs to south until it joins Damodar River near Chirkunda. Apart from these rivers some small rivers that flow in the Dhanbad district are Gobai, Irji, and Khudia.
Soil Texture of Dhanbad
Vegetation of DhanbadBeing situated in Chota Nagpur Plateau, Dhanbad district has shortage of forests and contains dry deciduous forest. Due to presence of tropical and sub tropical dry broadleaf forests, flora of this region is different from other wetter parts of India. Forests are present in Northern hilly region and mostly Sal, Sisam, Gamhar, Mahua, Imaly, Bhelwa trees are found in these forests. Whereas, major crops of this region are wheat, maize and paddy. People are also doing Sericulture in many of these forests.
Dams in Dhanbad
Panchet Dam is built on Damodar River and extends for about 6 km roughly. It is about 9 km from Chirkunda and 54 km from Dhanbad. This dam was built across Damodar River at Panchet and opened first time in 1959. It has one Hydel station that generates 40,000 K.W. per hour.
Geography of Dhanbad at Glance
Region: Chota Nagpur Plateau
Geographical Area: 2086 sq km
Altitude: 761 feet (232 m) above sea level
Latitude: 24.4 degrees N
Longitude: 86.50 degrees E
Population (2011): 2, 684, 487 million
Average Temperature: 47 degrees C (Max), 12 degrees C (Min)
Rainfall: 1310.6 mm
Best Time to Visit: September to May
Time Zone: IST (UTC +5:30)